Tests of Upper Airway Function

Neil J. Douglas, Samuel T. Kuna

Electromyography 593

Upper Airway Resistance 594

Indirect Laryngoscopy 596

Fiberoptic Imaging 596

Computed Tomographic Scanning 596

Magnetic Resonance Imaging 597

Acoustic Reflection 597

Flow-Volume Loops 597

Polysomnography 597

Muscle Biopsy 598

Strength, Fatigue, and Endurance of Upper

Airway Muscles 598

Site of Pharyngeal Airway Closure during Sleep 598

Conclusion 598

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