Atsers Statement on Respiratory Muscle Testing

This Joint Statement of the American Thoracic Society (ATS), and the European Respiratory Society (ERS) was ADOPTED BY THE ATS BOARD OF DIRECTORS, MARCH 2001 AND BY THE ERS EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE, JUNE 2001

Introduction 520

1. Tests of Overall Respiratory Function

G. John Gibson, William Whitelaw, Nikolaos Siafakas

Static Lung Volumes 521

Dynamic Spirometry and Maximum Flow 521

Maximum Voluntary Ventilation 522

Arterial Blood Gases: Awake 522

Measurements during Sleep 523

Tests of Respiratory Control 524

Carbon Monoxide Transfer 525

Exercise Testing 526

Conclusion 526

2. Tests of Respiratory Muscle Strength

Malcolm Green, Jeremy Road, Gary C. Sieck, Thomas Similowski

Pressure Measurements 528

Devices for Measuring Pressures 528

Techniques for Pressure Measurement 530

Volitional Tests of Respiratory Muscle Strength 531

Pressures Obtained via Phrenic Nerve Stimulation . . . . 535

Abdominal Muscle Stimulation 542

Conclusion 542

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Fire Up Your Core

Fire Up Your Core

If you weaken the center of any freestanding structure it becomes unstable. Eventually, everyday wear-and-tear takes its toll, causing the structure to buckle under pressure. This is exactly what happens when the core muscles are weak – it compromises your body’s ability to support the frame properly. In recent years, there has been a lot of buzz about the importance of a strong core – and there is a valid reason for this. The core is where all of the powerful movements in the body originate – so it can essentially be thought of as your “center of power.”

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