When a woman's body prepares to give birth it begins to produce a hormone called prolactin. Its job is to trigger an increase in breast and glandular tissue to produce milk for the coming baby's sustenance. Men produce prolactin as well!
Prolactin is a single-chain protein hormone that is closely related to growth hormone (GH). It is secreted by so-called lactotrophs in the anterior pituitary gland. It should be noted however that is also synthesized and secreted by a broad range of other cells in the body, most prominently various immune cells, the brain and the decidua of the pregnant uterus.
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