Appendix B Daily 16 Program

Hyperbolic Stretching

Athletic Stretching Exercises

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A. General

1. Purpose. The Daily 16 Program is a comprehensive series of warmup, conditioning, and cool-down exercises; it replaces the former Daily 7. The Daily 16 warmup exercises facilitate gradual distribution of blood flow to the muscles, preparing both the cardiovascular and musculoskeletal systems for the exercise session, by effectively targeting both the upper and lower body. The increased blood flow to the muscles produces a warming effect, increasing the elasticity of the muscles and connective tissues, which is believed to reduce injury risks. The Daily 16 conditioning exercises include traditional calisthenics that are safe in providing a total body workout, which can vary in duration, degree of difficulty, and level of intensity.

The Daily 16 cool-down exercises (the same exercises used in the warmup) allow the body to gradually return to the pre-exercise state.

2. Scope. There are three different ways the Daily 16 Program can be used during physical training:

a. Daily 16 Warmup (D16WU). A series of warmup and dynamic stretching exercises that should be conducted prior to the main activity (e.g., formation run, obstacle course, circuit course, etc.), of every physical training session.

b. Daily 16 Workout (D16WO). A series of conditioning exercises that can be used as augmentation to another conditioning activity (circuit course, Physical Fitness Test (PFT), etc.), or can be used as a conditioning activity in of itself by simply increasing the number of repetitions or by slowing down the execution of the repetition.

c. Daily 16 Cool-Down (D16CD). A series of cool-down exercises that should be used as the final activity of a physical training session.

3. Daily 16 Warmup and Dynamic Stretching Descriptions a. Warmup Exercises

(1) Heel to Toe Rocking. Starting position is standing with feet together and hands on hips. Rock back onto the heels, pause, then rock forward onto the toes and pause. Repeat 10 to 15 repetitions.

(2) Partial Squats. Starting position is standing with feet shoulder width apart, arms at the sides (1). Keeping the heels on the deck, partially squat until hands are near mid-calf. The knees should only bend to about 60 degrees, just short of a sitting position (2). Return to the starting position (3). Repeat 10 to 15 repetitions.

(3) Butt Kicks. Starting position is standing with feet shoulder width apart, hands on hips. Shift weight onto the right foot and quickly bend the left knee five times, bringing the left heel toward the buttocks. Switch legs and repeat. Repeat the whole cycle two or three times, until a total of 15 to 20 repetitions are done on each leg.

(4) Double Time in Place. Starting position is standing with arms at the sides. Slowly begin to run in place and gradually increase speed. While double-timing, conduct "punches to the front (1)" (throw easy punches to the front of the body). Switch to "punches to the sky (2)" (throw easy punches straight up to the sky). Finish with "arm circles (3)", (begin small then transition to large arm circles; repeat in other direction).

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(5) Neck Flexion and Extension. Starting position is standing with feet shoulder width apart, hands on hips. Flex the neck forward bringing the chin toward the chest, pause. Extend the head back and pause. Repeat for 5 to 10 repetitions.

(6) Neck Lateral Flexion. Starting position is standing with feet shoulder width apart, hands on hips. Tilt the head to the left side, bringing the left ear toward the left shoulder, pause. Switch sides and repeat. Repeat for 5 to 10 repetitions.

(7) Trunk Flexion and Extension. Starting position is standing with feet shoulder width apart, hands on hips (1). Extend the trunk backward bringing a slight hyperextension of the trunk and pause (2). Repeat for 5 to 10 repetitions.

(8) Trunk Lateral Flexion. Starting position is standing with feet shoulder width apart, hands on hips. Bend the trunk to the left side (1), pause, then switch to the right side (2) and pause. Repeat for 5 to 10 repetitions. Proceed to the Stretching Exercises.

b. Dynamic Stretching Exercises

(1) Upper Back Stretch. Starting position is standing with feet shoulder width apart. Extend the arms and clasp the hands in front of the chest. Push the arms forward rounding the shoulders and upper back. Hold the position for 10 seconds and breath naturally. The stretch should be felt over the upper back.

(2) Chest Stretch. Starting position is standing with feet shoulder width apart. Clasp hands together behind the lower back, palms up. Pull the arms up toward the head. Hold the position for 10 seconds and breath naturally. The stretch should be felt in the front of the chest and shoulders.

(3) Modified Hurdler Stretch. Starting position is in the sitting position. Extend the left leg out while tucking the right leg in front of the hips with the knee pointing outward. Bend the torso forward toward the left knee. The stretching should be felt over the back of the left thigh. Hold the position for 10 seconds and breath naturally. Switch sides and repeat.

(4) Hip and Back Stretch. Starting position is in the sitting position. Extend the right leg straight out and cross the left leg over the right leg by bending the left knee and placing the left foot on the deck next to the right knee. Turn the upper torso to the left pushing the left knee to the right with the right elbow. Hold the position for 10 seconds and breath naturally. The stretch should be felt over the lower back and left hip. Switch sides and repeat.

(5) Groin Stretch. Starting position is in the sitting position with both knees bent and the bottoms of the feet together. Grasp the feet and gently push the knees with the elbows toward the deck. Hold the position for 10 seconds and breath naturally. The stretch should be felt over the inside of both thighs.

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(6) Calf Stretch. Starting position is standing with arms at the sides. Place the left foot approximately 2 feet forward and slightly bend the right knee. Lean forward toward the left foot pointing the left toes up to the sky. Hold the position for 10 seconds and breath naturally. Grabbing the left foot and gently pulling it towards you can increase the level of intensity. The stretch should be felt over the left calf. Switch sides and repeat.

(7) Iliotibial Band (ITB) Stretch. Starting position is standing with arms at the sides. Place the left foot behind and a few inches to the right of the right foot. Bring the left arm over the head. Place your body weight on the left leg and bend at the waist to the right. Hold the position for 10 seconds and breath naturally. The stretch should be felt over the left hip. Switch sides and repeat.

(8) Hamstring Stretch. Starting position is lying down with the back flat against the deck. Bring the left knee toward the chest grasping the left leg just below the knee. Gently straighten the left knee and hold for the count. The right leg should remain on the deck. Hold the position for 10 seconds and breath naturally. The stretch should be felt on the back of the left thigh. Switch sides and repeat.

(9) Neck Stretch. Starting position is standing with feet shoulder width apart. Move both arms behind the back and grasp the left wrist with the right hand. Tilt the head to the right and pull the left arm to the right. Hold the position for 10 seconds and breath naturally. The stretch should be felt over the left shoulder and left side of the neck. Switch sides and repeat.

(10) Triceps Stretch. Starting position is standing, arms at the sides. Bend the left elbow and bring the left arm up and back placing the left hand between the shoulder blades. Gently pull the left elbow with the right hand behind the head. Hold the position for 10 seconds and breath naturally. The stretch should be felt over the back of the upper arm. Switch sides and repeat.

(11) Quadriceps Stretch. Starting position is lying down on the left side. Bend the left hip and knee to 90 degrees. Grasp the right ankle with the right hand and pull the right knee straight back. Do not hyperextend the lower back. Hold the position for 10 seconds and breath naturally. The stretch should be felt over the front of the right thigh. Switch sides and repeat.

(12) Lying Down ITB Stretch. Starting position is lying down on the deck. Bring the left leg with the knee straight across the body (1). Hold the position for 10 seconds and breath naturally. The stretch should be felt over the left hip. Switch sides and repeat (2).

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