Contributors

Annemieke Aartsma-Rus

Department of Human Genetics, Leiden University Medical Center, Postzone S4-P, PO Box 9600, 2300 ZA Leiden, The Netherlands

Valder R. Arruda

Department of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 3615 Civic Center Blvd, 302-F Abramson Research Center, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA

Brian Bostick

Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, University of Missouri, One Hospital Drive, Columbia, MO 65212, USA

Barry J. Byrne

Department of Pediatrics, Powell Gene Therapy Center, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA

Jeffrey S. Chamberlain

Department of Neurology, Medicine & Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-7720, USA

Paula R. Clemens

Department of Neurology, University of Pittsburgh, S-520 Biomedical Science Tower, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA

Gawiyou Danialou

Meakins-Christie Laboratories, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada H2X 2P2 Dongsheng Duan

Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, University of Missouri, One Hospital Drive, Columbia, MO 65212, USA

Andrea Farini

Stem Cell Laboratory, Department of Neurological Science, Fondazione IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Centro Dino Ferrari, University of Milan, Milan, Italy

Deborah M. Fine

Department of Veterinary Medicine & Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Missouri, 900 E. Campus Drive, Columbia, MO 65211, USA

Guangping Gao

Department of Molecular Genetics & Microbiology, Gene Therapy Center, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 381 Plantation Street, Suite 250, Worcester, MA 01605, USA

Dilip Garikipati

Department of Neurology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-7720, USA

Sara E. Garwick

Center for Gene Therapy, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH 43205, USA

Paul Gregorevic

Laboratory for Muscle Research and Therapeutics Development, Baker IDI Heart & Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, VIC 3004, Australia

Scott Q. Harper

Department of Pediatrics, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, and Center for Gene Therapy, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH 43205, USA

Bhanu Munil Koppanati

Department of Neurology, University of Pittsburgh, S-546 Biomedical Science Tower, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA

Yi Lai

Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, University of Missouri, One Hospital Drive, Columbia, MO 65212, USA

Qi Long Lu

McColl-Lockwood Laboratory for Muscular Dystrophy Research, Neuromuscular/ALS Center, Carolinas Medical Center, 1000 Blythe Blvd., Charlotte, NC 28231, USA

Cathryn S. Mah

Department of Pediatrics, Powell Gene Therapy Center, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA

Mirella Meregalli

Stem Cell Laboratory, Department of Neurological Science, Fondazione IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Centro Dino Ferrari, University of Milan, Milan, Italy

Christina A. Pacak

Department of Anesthesiology, Children's Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA

Basil J. Petrof

Meakins-Christie Laboratories, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada H2X 2P2

Chunping Qiao

Division of Molecular Pharmaceutics, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, 2070 Genetic Medicine Building, CB7362, 120 Mason Farm Road, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA

Jin-Hong Shin

Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, University of Missouri, One Hospital Drive, Columbia, MO 65212, USA

Bruce F. Smith

Department of Pathobiology and The Scott-Ritchey Research Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849-5525, USA

Yvan Torrente

Department of Neurological Science, University of Milan, Padiglione Ponti, Ospedale Policlinico, via Francesco Sforza 35, 20122 Milan, Italy

Gert-Jan B. van Ommen

Department of Human Genetics, Leiden University Medical Center, Postzone S4-P, PO Box 9600, 2300 ZA Leiden, The Netherlands

Lindsay M. Wallace

Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology Program, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, and Center for Gene Therapy, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH 43205, USA

Dominic J. Wells

Department of Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience, Division of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Imperial College London, Room E512, Building 560/ Burlington Danes, Hammersmith Hospital Campus, 160 Du Cane Road, London W12 ONN, UK

Catherine E. Winbanks

Laboratory for Muscle Research and Therapeutics Development, Baker IDI Heart & Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, VIC 3004, Australia

Roberta Wrighten

The Scott-Ritchey Research Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849-5525, USA

Bo Wu

McColl-Lockwood Laboratory for Muscular Dystrophy Research, Neuromuscular/ALS Center, Carolinas Medical Center, 1000 Blythe Blvd., Charlotte, NC 28231, USA

Xiao Xiao

Division of Molecular Pharmaceutics, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, 2070 Genetic Medicine Building, CB7362, 120 Mason Farm Road, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA

Yongping Yue

Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, University of Missouri, One Hospital Drive, Columbia, MO 65212, USA

Yan Zhi

Molecular Biology, WuXi AppTec, 4751 League Island Blvd., Philadelphia, PA 19112, USA

Chapter 1

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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