Aas Effect Blood Volume

Anyone who has used AAS (anabolic/androgenic steroids) in the past has noted the increased "muscle pump" effect. This is partly due to elevated phosphocreatine (CP) synthesis explained earlier, but also due to an increase in blood volume. Testosterone increases red blood cell production and count by stimulating the red bone marrow. This also up-regulates hemoglobin production. Hemoglobin is an iron containing compound found in the blood that carries oxygen from the lungs to body tissues such as muscle. This results in a larger appearing, more vascular, harder muscle that receives more oxygen and nutrients. This is a potentially a positive aspect to a point since the result is greater training capacity and improved tissue regeneration. Unfortunately excessive increases in red blood cell count can lead to platelet aggregation and blood clots.

*A note of interest here is that a circulatory chemical called fibrinogen causes blood clotting. There is a great deal of evidence supporting the belief that beer and red wine inhibit this chemical. This is not an excuse to get plowed, but moderate ingestion may be a consideration. A common OTC (over the counter) drug utilized as a so-called blood thinner is Asprin. Asprin is a non-specific COX inhibitor (See Prostaglandins for more info) which may also have some negative effects upon PGE-1 and PGF-2. Prostaglandins are important growth factors in the muscle building process.

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Body Sculpture

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