Occiput AtlasAxis

Vertebrae

Responsible Muscles

• Rectus capitis superior, inferior, lateralis, and anterior

• Obliquus minor, major

• Sternocleidomastoideus (SCM) and superior part of the trapezius

We consider the SCM muscle under all circumstances as part of those muscles that play a role for the head joints, since its main function concerns the head. The trapezius is certainly involved in both regions, the occiput-atlas-axis (OAA) and the thoracic aperture.

Segments

• Cervical plexus

Some Osteopathic Considerations

• The atlas is the socket for the head. All cranial problems affect the OAA complex and vice versa.

• The OAA is a key area of the cranial parasympathicus.

• The suboccipital musculature in general and the SCM because of its attachment to the suture are able to irritate the occipitomastoid (OM) suture.

• Hypertonicity can affect the jugular foramen. In addition, the nodose (inferior) ganglion of the vagus nerve lies covered by fasciae between the lateral mass of the atlas and the jugular foramen.

• Besides the lumbosacral junction and the lower ankle joint, the OAA is the most important adaptation zone for posture.

• The suboccipital muscles are richly supplied with muscle spindles and therefore extremely important for posture.

Abdominal muscles

Fig. 7.2 Myofascial components and vertebral segments of the Zink patterns.

Suboccipital muscles

Iliopsoas

Pelvic floor muscles

Sibson's fascia

Diaphragm

Abdominal muscles

Suboccipital muscles

Iliopsoas

Pelvic floor muscles

Sibson's fascia

Diaphragm

Fig. 7.2 Myofascial components and vertebral segments of the Zink patterns.

Fire Up Your Core

Fire Up Your Core

If you weaken the center of any freestanding structure it becomes unstable. Eventually, everyday wear-and-tear takes its toll, causing the structure to buckle under pressure. This is exactly what happens when the core muscles are weak – it compromises your body’s ability to support the frame properly. In recent years, there has been a lot of buzz about the importance of a strong core – and there is a valid reason for this. The core is where all of the powerful movements in the body originate – so it can essentially be thought of as your “center of power.”

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