Natural Cholesterol Lowering
You can't open a newspaper or magazine today without seeing big ads that trumpet drugs to treat high cholesterol. The ads tell you how well the drugs work and how they even help prevent heart attacks. If you look more closely at those ads, though, you'll see paragraph after paragraph of tiny type describing the side effects in scary detail. For some people, there's a better and cheaper way niacin. Doctors have known for many years that large doses of nicotinic acid between 2 and 3 grams a day lower LDL ( bad ) cholesterol and triglycerides and raise HDL ( good ) cholesterol (refer to Chapter 1 for more information about cholesterol). Lowering your LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, and raising your HDL cholesterol, definitely decreases your risk of a heart attack. In fact, a major study that went on for 15 years showed not only that the group who took niacin had lower cholesterol and fewer heart attacks, they also had fewer deaths for any reason. Niacin works on high cholesterol...
Studies show that people with high levels of Vitamin C have lower total cholesterol levels. (We went into the details of cholesterol in Chapter 1 if you skipped it, go back and read it now.) They also have lower LDL cholesterol (that's the bad stuff) and higher HDL cholesterol (that's good). So if your total cholesterol is high, can you lower it by taking Vitamin C It depends. If your C level is low to begin with, raising it will probably help your total cholesterol level by raising your HDL level. If your C level is already high because you're taking 2,000 mg a day, it's not certain that taking more will help although it definitely won't hurt. If your total cholesterol is borderline high (above 220 mg Dl but below 240 mg Dl), Vitamin C supplements, along with a low-fat diet, exercise, and weight loss, could bring it down. If your cholesterol is above 240 mg Dl, or if you're already taking a drug such as Mevacor , Pravachol , or Zocor to lower your cholesterol, talk to your doctor...
The impact of a ketogenic diet on blood cholesterol is discussed in detail in chapter 7. For many individuals, the ketogenic diet causes an improvement in blood lipid levels, especially in cases where bodyfat is lost. However, this is not a universal finding. Individuals with diagnosed coronary artery disease or high blood cholesterol must monitor their blood lipid levels for negative changes. Individuals who show negative changes can try decreasing saturated fat intake, while increasing unsaturated fat. Additionally, a fiber supplement may be helpful. If blood cholesterol levels continue to respond negatively, the ketogenic diet should be abandoned.
It is true that unsaturated oils lower cholesterol and this has been used by the oils industry to promote and make a multi million dollar industry. This is the same mechanism used by cholesterol lowering drugs which has shown to increase mortality rates due to cancer of the liver.
Meanwhile, responding in part to the urgent message of Syndrome X, medical research has moved beyond the limited predictive power of total cholesterol as an indicator of who will or will not get a heart attack. Many scientists now regard high triglycerides, high LDL (bad cholesterol) and low HDL (good cholesterol) as far more potent indicators. A series of papers coming out of Germany in the early 1990s indicated that men who had the combination of high triglycerides and low HDL were six times more likely to have heart attacks than men with the opposite propensities. A 1997 study led by Michael Gaziano, MD, of Harvard Medical School carried this relationship even further.' He investigated the heretofore ignored ratio of triglycerides to HDL and found it significant at all levels. A high ratio means a big number when triglycerides are divided by HDL level. People whose ratio was in the upper twenty-five percent were sixteen times more likely to have coronary trouble than were those in...
Nonetheless, we've stressed the importance of cholesterol-friendly mono and polyunsaturated fats in the diet. We've also provided for cholesterol-lowering supplements and fish oils to be included with the diet, just to make sure. despite the saturated fats inherent in the quantity of red meat eaten. In fact, many people have found their cholesterol levels lowering dramatically during the cutting phase of the diet, without use of supplements. There are, of course, people who will have a problem with cholesterol regardless of the diet they're on. Again, a visit to your doctor for a thorough checkup as detailed in Chapter 3 is a necessity before practicing the Anabolic Diet. Monitoring cholesterol levels and making necessary changes as needed will also be important to those with a genetic problem with cholesterol.
Medium Chain triglycerides (MCT's) are a type of lipid (fat). MCT's are different from other lipids because their length and structure differ from long chain fatty acids that are found in the normal diet. MCT's are technically a saturated fat with 8-10 carbon lengths, as opposed to long chain fatty acids which have 16, 18, or more, carbon lengths. MCT's are derived from the fractioning of other oils, usually coconut oil.
Blessed with three young children and a happy marriage, Tim started Atkins because he wanted to live to see those kids grow up. At 35 years old, Tim weighed 335 pounds-far too much even for a strongly built six-footer. His blood pressure was borderline high his triglycerides (a risk factor for heart disease) were through the roof.
Another potentially life-threatening clinical feature of CCD occurs because it is allelic with malignant hyperthermia (MH). Both are due to mutations within the RYR1 gene, and even clinically normal carriers of RYR1 mutations are susceptible to malignant hyperthermic reactions. Conversely, patients from large kindreds with the MH phenotype can have central cores seen in their muscle without any weakness on examination (Matthews, 2004). The association between CCD and MH is complex. Many CCD patients present early with orthopedic problems and these patients often need surgical procedures. Thus, appropriate precautions with respect to anaesthesia need to be taken. Cholesterol-lowering treatment in older CCD patients also needs to be approached with caution, with the report of a CCD patient whose susceptibility to MH was unmasked by increased creatine kinase levels during statin treatment (Krivosic-Horber et al., 2004).
Fat is stored in cells in the form of triglycerides. You've heard that exercise increases the body's ability to burn fat, but probably you've never really understood why that happens or, for that matter, why you should even bother to exercise if you're already on a good food program. Shouldn't just eating correctly be enough In reality, appropriate exercise greatly enhances your body's ability to burn stored fat. Epinephrine is a fat-mobilizing hormone released by your sympathetic nervous system. Studies have shown that during exercise there is a significantly greater concentration of this hormone in your body. When epinephrine binds to specific receptors on fat cells, it stimulates hormone-sensitive lipase, also known as HSL, to break apart triglycerides within the cells and release them into the bloodstream where they can be used as energy. And that's precisely what you want to happen. You don't want that fat to just sit around in your body you want to get it mobilized. When you...
While I find it important to help my clients establish an accurate perception of their outward appearance, it is also important to help them establish an accurate perception of their internal health. Knowing that you are bulging over the belt of your pants or your skirt does not tell you anything about your cholesterol, triglycerides, or percentage of body fat versus lean muscle.
Lineman, 6 feet 5 inches, came into my program weighing 328 pounds. He had a BMI greater than 36, a 51.7-inch waist, and a total cholesterol of 227. His HDL was low at 29. Since his triglycerides were 467, we couldn't get an accurate reading on his LDL because, as my doctors tell me, excessively high triglycerides almost always skew the LDL reading. His glucose was 120, just 6 points below the diabetic classification. The real shocker was his blood pressure, which was 190 120. We found out that he had stopped taking his blood pressure medicine and failed to tell either his trainer or the team doctor. If he had not come to us for help, it is highly likely that in the near future he would have had a stroke right there on the field. And this man was considered to be a world-class athlete.
Triglycerides, with some studies showing a rise in HDL (good) cholesterol and a reduction in LDL (bad) cholesterol. One study found men using up to 6 grams daily of chitosan had an 11 point drop in total cholesterol and an increase in HDL (the good cholesterol) in just two weeks. Higher amounts in animals, up to 5 of the animal's diet, showed even more impressive drops in cholesterol levels with increases in HDL levels.
A high cholesterol level can be inherited but it can also be significantly affected by lifestyle, especially exercise levels and diet. A raised blood cholesterol level is a primary risk factor for heart disease. Triglycerides are another fat in our blood. Doctors commonly measure this level, as a high figure also increases your risk of heart disease. Triglycerides are not only affected by the amount of fat in your diet, but also by exercise level, dietary sugar intake and alcohol consumption.
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) is the type of cholesterol that we think of as good or protective. If small amounts of plaque (LDL or bad cholesterol) have been laid down in your blood vessels and you have enough HDL, you will be able to dissolve this plaque and use it as an energy source. 3. Triglycerides are the fats that appear in the blood immediately after a meal or snack. Normally, they are stripped of their fatty acids when they pass through various types of tissue, especially adipose (beneath the skin) fat and skeletal muscle. When this happens, they are converted into stored energy that is gradually released and metabolized between meals according to the metabolic needs of your body. Almost everyone loves sugars and other kinds of carbohydrates. Unfortunately, if you are insulin sensitive and eat more carbohydrates than you require daily, your triglyceride level will elevate. When this happens, your disease risk for hypoglycemia and type 2 diabetes can increase and you will...
Saturated fats should be kept to a minimum as they can contribute to a raised TC and LDL cholesterol level. A high intake of polyunsaturated fat in proportion to total fat intake can help lower total cholesterol. Consuming more monounsaturates helps lower triglycerides, LDLs and total cholesterol, whilst keeping HDLs high. Monounsaturates are therefore the most favourable choice. Trans fats should be avoided as can raise LDLs and reduce HDLs. Omega-3 fish oils reduce the clotting of blood, to an optimal level, as in the aetiology of heart disease, it is not just build up of cholesterol, but also the readiness of the blood to clot in the narrow regions, which causes occlusion. Omega-3s may also have a beneficial effect on cholesterol subfractions (Yannios 1999).
I've seen conflicting information on the toxicity of Anavar. (Oxandrolone) Is this another case of the dosage being so low that therapeutic dosing hasn't shown many side effects Some studies conclude that milligram for milligram Anavar is just as liver toxic and nefarious for raising cholesterol as any other 17 alpha alkylated steroid, while other studies suggest it may actually lower cholesterol (although I can't see how). It should be mentioned that even when a total serum cholesterol lowering effect was witnessed, the LDL and HDL were put in a disfavorable ratio, which negated any positive effects from the overall lower level.
Another exciting area of research for taurine is its possible role in managing diabetes and improving insulin sensitivity. Several studies in both rats and humans suggest taurine can play a role in improving several indices derly of diabetes, such as insulin metabolism, high cholesterol levels and high blood pressure, as well as others. Diabetics appear to be chronically low in taurine.
Cholesterol levels alone are not the entire story. Many people with high cholesterol levels live to a ripe old age, but others with low total cholesterol levels develop heart disease. Worse yet, recent research indicates that low cholesterol levels may increase the risk of stroke. In other words, cholesterol is only one of several risk factors for heart disease. Here are some more Even if you allow yourself to indulge in (a few) high-cholesterol ice cream cones and burgers every day of the year, your cholesterol level may still be naturally lower in the summer than in winter. The basis for this intriguing culinary conclusion is the 2004 University of Massachusetts SEASONS (Seasonal Variation in Blood Lipids) Study of 517 healthy men and women ages 20 to 70. The volunteers started out with an average cholesterol level of 213 mg dl (women) to 222 mg dl (men). A series of five blood tests during the one-year study showed an average drop of 4 points in the summer for men and 5.4 points...
It has been found that diets too low in EFA's will cause your metabolism to slow down. Your body will have a harder time burning off excess fat and the low fat diet becomes pointless. If you are looking for fats that will not affect your cholesterol, you would need to consume monosaturated fats that come from olive oil and macadamia nuts. They have been shown to actually help lower bad cholesterol levels and help raise the cholesterol levels that your body needs.
A second is that, the fatter you are, the more fatty acids you have available for fuel. In general, when fatty acids are available in large amounts, they get used. This spares both glucose and protein. By extension, the leaner you get, the more problems you tend to have as it gets harder to mobilize fatty acids, the body has less to use. Since there is less glucose available (because you're dieting) this increases the reliance on amino acids (protein) for fuel. The original Ultimate Diet advocated medium chain triglycerides (a special type of fatty acid that is used more easily for fuel than standard fats) and this can be a good strategy under certain circumstances. I'll mention some other options later on in the book.
The details of cholesterol digestion are extremely complex and unnecessary for the ensuing discussion. As dietary cholesterol has no direct affect on ketosis, it will not be discussed further in this chapter. With regard to blood cholesterol levels, readers need to understand that the liver produces more cholesterol (up to 2000 milligrams per day) than most individuals would ever consume, even on a ketogenic diet. Additionally, when dietary cholesterol intake increases, the body's synthesis of cholesterol will typically go down. When dietary cholesterol intake goes down, the body's synthesis of cholesterol typically goes up. This supports the contention that dietary cholesterol generally has little impact on blood cholesterol levels. The effects of the ketogenic diet on blood cholesterol levels are discussed in chapter 7. Like carbohydrates and protein, fats can be rated in terms of their quality. Much of the stigma associated with dietary fat is related to fat quality as much as...
With all orals, they can raise LDL (bad) cholesterol and lower HDL (good cholesterol) levels. Since the pill dosage of both Winstrol and Anavar is so low, up to 30 tablets a day are required, placing a strain on your liver as well as your bank account. This may appear to be a no-brainer, but you'd be surprised how often this rule is broken. The reasoning is usually due to the fact that only certain drugs may be available. That doesn't make it okay Anadrol, Halotestin, Parabolin, and most testosterones are but a few that can cause irreparable damage. Although a milligram of steroid is a milligram of steroid in terms of the way it affects muscle cell, certain drugs have a lower risk to benefit ratio. But even steroids that are considered mild can have negative side effects. Deca-Durabolin has long been a popular choice among bodybuilders, mostly because it's a powerful anabolic with few androgenic side effect, yet new evidence suggests that Deca will still suppress the HPTA...
When you go to your doctor, I recommend that you get your blood chemistries and lipid levels measured-and quite possibly the glucose-tolerance test (with insulin levels drawn at fasting and at one- and two-hour intervals)-before you start the program. Lipid levels will reveal your total cholesterol, HDL (good) and LDL (bad) cholesterol and triglycerides. These indicators often change with drastic dietary intervention. The blood chemistries will measure baseline glucose, kidney and liver function. Be sure your doctor also measures your uric acid levels. Since many people wrongly believe that these indicators are negatively affected by doing Atkins, you may later regret not having a before baseline to compare with your after results. If you choose to keep track of those hidden physical changes that are measured in your blood, you'll find that, after you start Atkins, they should begin improving steadily (see Before and After Tests, opposite). I don't want you to wait to have your...
Like most health-conscious people, you already know that high cholesterol is a warning sign of possible heart disease. The cholesterol clogs your arteries and can eventually lead to a heart attack. So, you've been watching your diet and cutting back on how much fat you eat and at your last checkup, your cholesterol level was well within the normal range. That's good, you thought, at least I don't have to worry about having a heart attack. We hate to break the news to you, but you still have to worry. The fact is, most people who have a heart attack have normal cholesterol levels but their arteries are still clogged. If cholesterol isn't causing the problem, what is
Typically, triglycerides plummet within the first month on Atkins, then HDL begins to rise. In some cases, LDL will rise. If it does, ask your doctor to test for the subtypes of LDL to determine whether it is the low-risk type of LDL or the high-risk type that has risen. Low-risk LDL, large fluffy lipo-protein A, is so designated because it doesn't cause plaque to form in the arteries. Research has shown that high-fat diets will raise the beneficial low-risk LDL.
Also, remember to look at your HDL (good cholesterol) levels. A rise in total cholesterol levels could even be a good thing, if it's all attributed to HDL cholesterol. Total cholesterol may temporarily go up due to the rise in HDL. If you've been following the Atkins Nutritional Approach for some time and your cholesterol levels have not come down, something else is going on. Exercise is an important component, as is cutting back on processed meats, such as bacon, sausage and cold cuts, and limiting your intake of hard cheese. You may also need to look at a third component of your blood tests triglycerides. Cholesterol rises in some people when triglycerides drop significantly. If that drop is greater than the LDL increase, your lipid profile may, again, be improved overall. High cholesterol that has a genetic component usually responds to changes in diet, but may be difficult to address with diet alone. You may still need to take supplements such as pantethine, essential oils, garlic...
Compared to bovine meat, there is scant information on the cholesterol content of pork muscle and adipose tissue, and from the results it can be seen that no significant difference was observed in the levels of cholesterol between cuts of pork and beef meat.6,52 As in bovine meat, results for total cholesterol among pork cuts with different anatomical localization, level of fat, and conventional and new-fashioned cuts were found to be similar.6,17,28,59,69,75 However, Fernandez et al.75 reported a significant lower cholesterol content in longissimus lumborum than in semispi-nalis capitis. Swize et al.8 showed that longissimus fatless pork chops were lower than the same muscle combined lean and fat however, semimembranosus muscles did not differ among the fat treatments.
The latest research shows that 30 percent lean protein, 40 percent low-glycemic carbohydrates, and 30 percent acceptable fats work best for metabolic efficiency. These percentages have been tremendously effective in my program for athletes who want to lose fat, build more lean muscle, and improve performance, and for people who are overfat and often suffering from either elevated triglycerides or high glucose levels. A recent article in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition makes a convincing argument for this ratio in people suffering from type 2 diabetes, stating that eating 30 percent dietary protein and 40 percent carbohydrates appears to improve glycemic control without increasing the risk of heart disease. In as little as five weeks, the glucose levels of the study participants dropped an astonishing 40 percent, and blood lipids, especially triglycerides, were significantly lowered.
Guggul lipids were covered in the previous section, and therefore only a short explanation is needed here. Guggul lipids (containing various guggulsterones) have been shown to reduce cholesterol and triglycerides. They may possibly improve thyroid function, and have other potential health uses. The role of ATP would take an entire biochemistry text book to cover, so we will narrow our discussion to the topic of weight loss and its possible synergism to guggul and thyroid function.
The terms anabolic and catabolic tend to be misused and overgeneralized in popular media leading to misunderstandings. In a biological sense, 'anabolic' means the building of larger substances from smaller substances. Glucose is synthesized into glycogen, amino acids are built into larger proteins, and FFA are combined with glycerol and stored as triglycerides (TG). Anabolic processes occur as a result of overfeeding which raises anabolic hormones, such as insulin and testosterone, and lowers catabolic hormones such as cortisol and glucagon.
I was practically a clone of my father, recalls Alan. Same pants size, same shoe size, same sky-high cholesterol He worried that it would mean a quadruple bypass followed by premature death for him, too. Alan didn't know which way to turn. Then fate, in the form of a co-worker, took a hand. His office buddy had succeeded on Atkins and believed it was particularly effective at reducing cholesterol. That was good enough for Alan.
High-intensity strength training has been shown to have a positive effect on cholesterol levels, improving blood lipid profiles after only a few weeks of strength-training exercise.' To a large extent, insulin plays a role here as well, as it is a pro-inflammatory hormone, which, in combination with high levels of glucose, results in more oxidative damage to tissue. A generalized inflammatory state is created, marked by a lot of inflammation on the walls of the blood vessels, which now must be repaired. Cholesterol is a ubiquitous hormone within the body, the equivalent of biologic mortar or spackle when an inflammatory condition develops on the blood vessel wall, that inflammation is patched over with cholesterol. If, on the other hand, the body needs to bring cholesterol back to the liver for processing, this is best accomplished through the central circulation, where it's not going to stick to the cell walls. HDL cholesterol, therefore, is deployed in such situations, bringing any...
Gonadal anabolic steroid hormone synthesis occurs during fasting and exercise via the activation of cellular factor cAMP and its related actions. High cholesterol levels tend to decrease steroid hormone synthesis. High body fat and a high level of androgens coupled with a stressed liver may increase aromatase activity (i.e., convert testosterone to estrogen), thus adversely affecting testosterone-related anabolic and sexual impact. Low-protein diets, low-fat, low-calorie, and crash diets may suppress steroid hormone levels. High-fat, high-calorie meals may help promote steroidal actions.
When people talk about body fat, what they mean are triglycerides which are stored in your fat cells (there is also some stored in your muscles, called intramuscular triglyceride, but it is a tiny amount compared to what's stored on your fat butt or stomach). An average individual may have 30 billion fat cells which are composed of about 90 triglyceride stored as one big droplet. The remaining 10 is water and the enzymatic machinery which controls cellular metabolism.
However, it's a broad category of products. For example, choline is a precursor to certain neurotransmitters and may have an additive effect to some formulas, but it's a tough thing to prove. Betaine may help improve digestion, and that can be beneficial to certain individuals who are deficient in stomach acids and have associated digestive problems often improved by the use of betaine and digestive enzymes. Many studies have shown the cholesterol lowering abilities of niacin, but whether it affects weight loss is debatable and unproven by medical science.
Normally the word meat means the flesh of animals used as food for consumers. Some consumers associate meat with the negative image of fat consumption, high cholesterol levels, and heart disease, but adipose tissue in meat is not altogether undesirable or wasteful. Subcutaneous fat in appropriate quantity is desirable in terms of carcass conformation also, for example, the fat deposited inside the muscles, the intramuscular fat commonly known as marbling, confers juiciness, improves the flavor, and makes meat tender and more succulent when cooked. Although a minimum level of fat is required to assure juiciness and flavor, from the point of view of human health, consumers have an increased concern for their diet and in general show preferences for leaner meat, with less or no fat. Consequently, in terms of carcass value, a knowledge of tissue composition, distribution, and partitioning of fat and muscle units has become more and more important for consumers, packers, processors,...
Some examples of appetite uppers are certain antidepressants (mood elevators), antihistamines (allergy pills), diuretics (drugs that make you urinate more frequently), steroids (drugs that fight inflammation), and tranquilizers (calming drugs). Appetite reducers include some antibiotics, anti-cancer drugs, anti-seizure drugs, blood pressure medications, and cholesterol-lowering drugs.
When activated, steroid hormone receptors bind to specific nucleotide sequences in the DNA, referred to as hormone response elements (HREs). HREs could have either activating or repressing actions on their target genes. Most important, several receptors are included to interact with other transcriptional mediators. For instance, retinoic acid X receptors (RXRs) have been shown to enhance the DNA binding of thyroid hormone receptors, which have a high affinity for increasing energy production and lowering cholesterol, thus enhancing steroid hormone synthesis.
A Hungarian company called Chinoin in the 70s originally studied Methoxy. The company has a patent on methoxy and lists its many effects on metabolism, including increased protein synthesis, increase lean mass, reduced body fat, promoted endurance, lowered cholesterol levels and an improvement in the body's ability to use oxygen.
During aerobic exercise, levels of adrenaline increase, raising heart rate and mobilizing fuel for energy. However, regular aerobic training decreases the amount of adrenaline released during exercise (7). This is accompanied by greater oxidation of FFA and a larger proportion of the FFA oxidized comes from intramuscular triglycerides (3,7). Thus, despite lower levels of adrenaline, there are higher rates of fat breakdown indicating an increase in tissue sensitivity to adrenaline (8). These adaptations in adrenaline sensitivity are completed after three weeks of regular training (3) and last as long as training is performed at least once every four days (9). Individuals performing aerobic exercise should exercise at least once every four days or these adaptations begin to disappear. Older individuals typically show a decrease in tissue sensitivity to adrenaline which may be partially corrected with regular aerobic training.
Oatmeal contains soluble fiber, meaning that it attracts fluid and stays in your stomach longer than insoluble fiber (like vegetables). Soluble fiber is thought to reduce blood cholesterol by binding with digestive acids made from cholesterol and sending them out of your body. When this happens, your liver has to pull cholesterol from your blood to make more digestive acids, and your bad cholesterol levels drop. the whites, more and more research shows that eating an egg or two a day will not raise your cholesterol levels, as once previously believed. In fact, we've learned that most blood cholesterol is made by the body from dietary fat, not dietary cholesterol. And that's why you should take advantage of eggs and their powerful makeup of protein.
The association between the intake of TFA (4-6 of diet energy) and CVD risk has been indicated in five prospective cohort studies 3,4 . There is increasing evidence that different trans 18 1 isomers have differential effects on plasma ratio of LDL-cholesterol HDL-cholesterol, which is an area of active investigation 5 . For instance, there is evidence that trans9 and trans10 18 1 isomers are more powerful in increasing plasma cholesterol ratio than VA 5 . In addition, epidemiological evidence for a possible relationship between TFA intake and cancer, type 2 diabetes, or allergy is weak or inconsistent 3 . VA, the major TFA in most ruminant meats and the precursor for the tissue c9,t11 CLA isomer in both animals and man, should be considered as a neutral or beneficial trans isomer 6 . Rats given supplements of c9,t11 CLA isomer indicate that VA could also add to the beneficial effects of c9,t11 CLA on cancer 7 and atherogenesis 8 . In addition, it was very recently reported that VA, in...
Homocysteine has been recognized as an important independent risk factor of heart disease, more so than cholesterol levels according to some studies. Creatine biosynthesis has been postulated as a major effector of homocysteine concentrations,2 and oral creatine supplements may reduce levels of homocysteine. Many studies have found that methyl donors (such as trimethylglycine (TMG) reduce levels of homocysteine,
Cardiovascular exercises are important to preserve heart and lung function. These activities can help burn body fat, lower blood pressure, and improve your cholesterol profile by increasing high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels. It is thought that HDL transports cholesterol to the liver, where it is passed from the body rather than dangerously building up in the blood vessels. Although the breathlessness and repetitive motions of cardio for extended periods of time may be off-putting to some, EA Sports Active Personal Trainer makes cardio fun by engaging your mind. The activities are easy to follow and enable you to take them at your own pace, helping to ensure you stick with your fitness program.
A different EFA ratio may be required for effective muscle gain. For muscle gain, meat is still the choice of warriors Regardless of what you might have heard about the dangers of eating meat, including high cholesterol and bad fats, meat was and still is the food of choice for overall potency and muscle power. The so-called bad fat in meat is partially responsible for its potent anabolic properties. Foods rich in arachidonic acids (AA), such as eggs and dairy products, should therefore also be considered most beneficial for the purpose of muscle gain.
At the top of the no-no list are the diuretic medications, which work by preventing your kidneys from doing one of their most important jobs reabsorbing the minerals your body needs. Blocking the kidneys' ability to reabsorb sodium and chloride takes salt out of the body and lowers blood pressure by lowering the fluids that stay in the body. But those blocked kidneys also lose their ability to retain valuable minerals not only potassium, but magnesium, calcium, chromium, zinc and many others. Prescription diuretics induce mineral deficiencies that can cause many problems. Numerous studies demonstrate that diuretics aggravate diabetes, elevate blood sugar and increase insulin levels, triglycerides and body mass index (the measure for obesity). For all these reasons, I insist that my patients on diuretics discontinue them and replace them with L-taurine, the natural amino acid that is a powerful diuretic but has no ill effects on kidney function.
To ascertain whether you have hypothyroidism, your doctor will do blood tests to evaluate your production of thyroid hormones T4 (also known as thyroxine) and T3 (your body converts T4 to T3), as well as another hormone called TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone), which is produced by your pituitary gland. I do tests on free T3, T4 and TSH levels. However, these clinical tests do not catch all cases. First think about whether you are experiencing any of the signs of an underactive thyroid-which include the aforementioned sensitivity to cold, as well as weight gain or inability to lose weight, hair loss, fatigue and lethargy, depression, dry skin, chronic constipation, poor nails, poor memory and elevated cholesterol levels. If so, there is a simple way-the Barnes technique of basal metabolism-to ascertain if you are hypothyroid. It doesn't even require a trip to your doctor.
The blood cholesterol level in most Americans is too high. Blood cholesterol levels can be lowered by reducing both body fat and the amount of fat in the diet. Lowering elevated blood cholesterol levels reduces the risk of developing coronary artery disease (CAD) and of having a heart attack. CAD, a slow, progressive disease, results from the clogging of blood vessels in the heart. Good dietary habits help reduce the likelihood of developing CAD.
Because carnitine is involved in moving fatty acids around your body, it seems reasonable to think that it may also help lower your cholesterol. Carnitine is sometimes helpful for lowering blood triglycerides and LDL ( bad ) cholesterol and raising HDL ( good ) cholesterol. If you have high cholesterol, discuss carnitine with your doctor before you try it.
Here's what we're not going to do in this chapter We're not going to tell you how bad red meat is for you. We're not going to warn you about the dangers of high cholesterol. We're not even going to lecture you about going on a low-fat diet. If you ever read a newspaper, open a magazine, or watch television, you don't need us you know already.
These fats for energy come from circulatory free-fatty acids and stores of muscle triglycerides. How (Be patient) When we exercise intensely, insulin secretion is suppressed by a group of chemicals from the adrenal gland called catecholamines. You probably know them as either epinephrine and norepinephrine, or adrenaline and noradrenaline. These catecholamines in turn trigger the release of free fatty acids (from bodyfat stores) into the circulatory system by stimulation of hormone-sensitive-lipase-enzyme found in lipocytes (fat cells). The greater the mitochondria stimulation (or number of mitochondria stimulated), the greater the amount of fatty acids triglycerides burned as fuel. Since about 90 of mitochondria exist as M-mitochondria, (stimulated by near-anaerobic-threshold-training) and the level of intensity increases, the level of catecholamines released duh, you do the math. 3. Actually, testosterone has been shown to have a positive effect upon high-density-lipo-protein (HDL)...
Taking fish oil supplements can lower your triglyceride level if it's too high. One drawback is that fish oil supplements might lower your overall triglycerides but raise your LDL ( bad ) cholesterol. There's a way around this problem. Combining fish oil with garlic supplements seems to lower your triglycerides and lower your LDL cholesterol. You need a lot of both for the treatment to work about 5 to 15 grams of fish oil and 1 gram of garlic (we'll talk more about garlic in Chapter 25). Large amounts of fish oil (over 5 grams a day) can cause your blood to become dangerously thin and make you bleed too easily. If you want to take big doses of fish oil, talk to your doctor first and
If you have diabetes, be extremely cautious about fish oil supplements. They could raise your blood sugar and lower your insulin production. If you want to try fish oil as a way to lower your triglycerides, talk to your doctor first. Use small amounts (no more than 1,000 mg a day) and keep a very close eye on your blood sugar.
Phase I is called the Energy Phase because this phase occurs during the workout when energy demands are highest. You see, the metabolic rate during intense weight training can be six to eight times higher than the metabolic rate at rest (there are those METs again). The breakdown products from carbohydrates, proteins, and fats provide the energy needed to sustain this increase in metabolic rate. These carbohydrates, proteins, and fats can come from either ingested food (food eaten immediately prior to exercise or during exercise) or from body stores of carbohydrate (muscle and liver glycogen), protein (muscle mass or the free amino acid pool), or fat (adipose tissue or intramuscular triglycerides). If you end up burning body stores, no surprise, you get smaller. Since that's the opposite of what we're trying to do, it's important to ingest the appropriate nutrients during training. If done properly, you'll definitely get bigger as long as your nutrition is adequate during the...
The main job of insulin is to control blood sugar by storing it in various compartments in the body (i.e. in muscle as glycogen and in fat cells as triglycerides). When blood sugar rises quickly, the body releases insulin to bring the blood sugar down. In the process of the blood sugar being taken up by muscle cells via insulin secretion (not to be confused with non-insulin dependent uptake that takes place immediately after workouts), all sorts of things found in the blood stream such as vitamins, amino acids, and minerals sort of go along for the ride with the glucose. That's a great over simplification of a complex system, but that's basically it in a nut shell minus the highly technical mumbo jumbo.
The first is L-carnitine, which is involved in fat transport. When carnitine is deficient, overweight people have difficulty getting into lipolysis and the secondary process of ketosis. As a nutrient, carnitine has been used to correct cardiomyopathy, help stabilize heart rhythm, lower triglyceride levels and increase HDL (the good cholesterol).' For these conditions, the dosage ranges between 1,000 and 2,000 mg daily. For weight loss, a typical dose is 1,500 mg.
Effects upon the cardiovascular system are possible. This is due to the fact that some AAS can elevate triglyceride and cholesterol levels. A decrease in HDL values and an increase in LDL levels are therefore possible. Normally HDL aids in protecting arteries by eliminating excess cholesterol that was not used for biosynthesis of endogenous hormones. LDL promotes the deposits of cholesterol on arterial walls. High blood pressure is another concern. These factors should be checked before considering the use of AAS and monitored by a health care professional. These factors were of special concern during bulk- up mass building phases for athletes who utilized poor dietary habits such as major simple sugars and heavy trans fats. Most values returned to normal (usually) after AAS use was terminated.
You probably brush your teeth every day and go to the dentist once or twice a year. The importance of regular dental hygiene is comparable to the importance of consistency in a workout regime. If you don't brush your teeth every day, you might not notice it right away, but over time, your teeth and gums will become unhealthy. At some point, you will have let them go too far, and you might eventually have root-canal surgery or even get false teeth. Likewise, if you don't work out regularly, you might not notice right away, but over time, you will have less energy, you might gain weight, and your doctor might report that you have high blood pressure or high cholesterol. To reach your fitness goals and lead a healthier lifestyle, a regular fitness routine is essential. Make physical activity a fun, important, and addictive part of your daily life.
Garlic is a member of the extended onion family, but it stands out from all the others because of one phytochemical allicin. This sulfur-containing compound is what gives garlic its pungent smell and taste. In folk medicine, garlic is used for everything from athlete's foot to influenza (to say nothing of its ability to ward off vampires). There's some truth to garlic's antibiotic activity, but recent research has concentrated on garlic as an antioxidant, a way to lower cholesterol, and a way to prevent cancer. Until very recently, researchers believed garlic really did help cholesterol. They had good reasons Several solid studies backed them up. Garlic supporters argue that the patients in the study just weren't taking enough. Whether or not that's the case, a study in 1997 in Israel gave new support to garlic as a weapon against high cholesterol and atherosclerosis. For now, all we can say is that garlic may be helpful and probably won't hurt.
There's enough data today to show the correlation between impotency and chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart problems, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol. There's also a clear connection between low levels of testosterone or high estrogen and high prolactin (the female hormone that stimulates milk production) with male disability to perform sexually. Stress is another major factor in male performance. Psychologists and other therapists make a fortune attempting to heal and console men who have lost their sex drive or ability to perform.
Doing Atkins is a crucial first step to dealing with glucose insulin disorders, ranging from unstable blood sugar to full-blown diabetes. There are also many supplements that can assist. First and foremost is chromium, which is an essential part of the glucose-tolerance factor (GTF). This compound has such a profound effect on correcting sugar metabolism that I consider it essential for anyone who is overweight. Chromium (both chromium picolinate and chromium polynicotinate are effective forms for the assimiliation of this mineral) has an added benefit It helps lower total cholesterol levels and raise HDL (good) cholesterol. The effective dose range of chromium is 200 to 1,000 mcg per day.
As noted, chronic diseases such as heart disease (arteriosclerosis), high blood pressure, high cholesterol, as well as depression, can cause impotency. Blood pressure medications, such as beta antagonists, heart medications such as alpha antagonists, and some anti-depression drugsi can also cause impotency as a side effect. So, here's the catch in order to solve one problem people take drugs, but drugs can create other problems. Disease-related impotence is more often than not treated with drugs that, ironically, may badly affect sexual performancei
As a matter of fact studies have shown the intake of saturated fats to be beneficial for your heart Saturated fatty acids raise HDL cholesterol, the so-called good cholesterol, whereas the Trans - fatty acids lower HDL cholesterol. (Mensink and Katan 1990, Judd et al 1994) The fat around the heart muscle is highly saturated which the heart will draw upon in times of stress. (229)
The cardiovascular effects of AAS in men and women include high blood pressure, increases in serum cholesterol concentration and serum LDL (the bad cholesterol), and a decrease in serum HDL the good cholesterol). Heart attacks, strokes, and blood clots in the lungs have also been reported in AAS users.
There are two different types of adipose tissue in the body. White adipose tissue (WAT) is the primary storage site for bodyfat, containing mostly stored triglycerides, some water, and a few mitochondria (which are used to burn fat for energy). In contrast, brown adipose tissue (BAT) contains little triglyceride but relatively more mitochondria (7). This makes BAT a type of fat which burns FFA generating heat in the process.
Your total cholesterol will probably go down-that's the most common result-but even if it doesn't or if it increases slightly, your ratio of HDL to LDL cholesterol is more likely to get better and your ratio of triglycerides to HDL is even more likely to do so. Those ratios are the real McCoy in terms of determining risk of a future coronary event. And if you were progressing toward diabetes-one of the great, grand gateways to heart disease-the improvements in your blood-sugar and insulin levels should astonish and delight your physician.
Willett's report is shocking only if you have not had an eye on the research. Other scientists have demonstrated that while saturated fat (fats that are solid at room temperature, such as butter or the fat marbling a steak) has been reported to have both good and bad effects on cholesterol levels, the effects of trans-fatty acids are purely negative. Research also has shown that lipoprotein(a), one of the more damaging forms of chemical substances in cholesterol, consistently increases as a result of eating trans-fatty acids. 1991 A Canadian team substituted meat and dairy protein for carbohydrate in the diets of ten men and women with high cholesterol. The group lowered their total cholesterol by an average of six and a half percent, lowered their average triglycerides by twenty-three percent and raised their HDL cholesterol by an average of twelve percent. 1998 A Seattle team analyzed the data from seventeen different population-based studies that reported the relationship between...
Look for a protein powder or shake with no more than 5 grams net carbs and 25 grams of protein. Avoid shakes that contain artificial sweeteners, and opt for powders and shakes made from whey protein over soy, egg, and other types of protein. Also, stay away from shakes that contain maltodextrin and high-fructose corn syrup. As an added bonus, some shakes contain essential fats in the form of flaxseed oil and medium chain triglycerides, which will help to bolster energy and immunity. Purchasing a shake that contains some fiber will help to get you regular, as well.
Fibrous foods such as bran, prunes, and vegetables act as a sort of intestinal scraper. It helps, but the best method requires packets of Questran and Metamucil. (Both can be found at most drug stores or pharmacies.) Basically, follow the directions on the containers for one-day-use and drink 8-16 oz of water every hour for 1 6 hours. This helps flush globules of undigested fats and toxins out of the system as well as reduce total cholesterol counts. So a dietary game plan for the 12 week period of a Super-Cycle-Of-Serious-Sensitivity included a very high fiber intake, a decrease in saturated fat intake with an increase in unsaturated fats, and weekly Questran metamucil therapy. Oh, and extra magazines in the restroom. Most beasts realized a 20-30 increase in nutrient absorption and a notable improvement in nutrient utilization.
The high intake of animal source foods affects cholesterol intake as well. A typical balanced diet provides between 300 and 500 milligram (mg) per day of cholesterol (3). On a ketogenic diet, depending on total caloric intake, cholesterol intake was found to increase to 828 mg day (484) on a 1400 calorie per day diet, and approximately 1500 mg day on a 2100 calorie diet (4). This is far higher than the American Heart Association recommendation of no more than 300 mg day of cholesterol, and concerns have been raised regarding the effect of ketogenic diets on blood cholesterol levels. The effects of the ketogenic diet on cholesterol levels are discussed in the chapter 7.
(GC), as pointed by Bohac et al.,19 or high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), as demonstrated by Bragagnolo and Rodriguez-Amaya.20 Using an enzymatic method, Saldanha et al.14 found no significant difference in bovine meat and milk cholesterol values compared to the results obtained by HPLC. However, Almeida et al.21 obtained higher cholesterol levels by the enzymatic method than those measured by HPLC in semimembranosus, chicken drumsticks, and chicken thighs, but for biceps femoris no difference was observed between the two methods. However, colorimetric and enzymatic methods need strict control of the analytical conditions to give accurate results. Currently, chromatographic techniques are preferred for dietary cholesterol analysis, due to their ability to separate and quantify cholesterol specifically. To determine cholesterol in meat and meat products, GC methods have been used19,22-24 as well as HPLC methods.25-30 Over the past few years, HPLC has been used as an...
This is a nandrolone drug with a noted higher androgenic effect than Deca. Due to this, Dynabolin was considered to be a stronger drug than Durabolin or Deca milligram for milligram. Therefore it was commonly believed to bring a quicker and larger build-up of strength and muscle mass. Gains were usually very solid and water retention was slightly higher than Deca. Dynabolin also aromatizes more than Deca so the slight increase in reported estrogenic negative side effects was not surprising. According to the available literature, Dynabolin is well tolerated by the liver well. But in some cases liver markers did charge. High blood pressure and elevated cholesterol levels can occur in some individuals due to higher dosages, but most recent research suggests nandrolones positively effect the HDL (Good) to LDL (Bad) ratio. All in all most of these possible side effects disappeared after usage stooped.
For elevated cholesterol there is a prescription drug called Mevacor that contains Lovastatin which inhibits the liver from synthesizing cholesterol. It does so by inhibiting a specific liver enzyme. Red yeast rice contains Lovastatin naturally and is available over the counter. 2.5-3 grams daily has been shown to have similar effects as the drug Mevacor. Lovastatin can cause muscle damage in higher dosages. So again more is not necessarily better. Coenzyme Q-l 0 appears to prevent this effect.
From a general health standpoint, EFAs are involved in literally thousands of bodily processes essential to our health and general well being. Immunity, aging, hormone production and hormone signaling well, you get the point. As one would expect, EFAs have been found to have many health uses including cholesterol reduction, possible cancer prevention and the treatment of inflammatory conditions.
AAS have a positive effect upon fat distribution and storage. There are 3 reasons for this. The first reason is that AAS reduce the amount of insulin released in response to nutrient intake and improved insulin sensitivity. This is in part due to an improved CP synthesis rate and other metabolic factors resulting in an athlete's muscle cells becoming better able to absorb nutrients such as carbohydrates in the form of glucose and glycogen and proteins in the form of amino acids. Insulin is anti-catabolic and anabolic. Great for muscle cells, but it also causes the conversion of glucose into glycerol and then into triglycerides. Insulin can therefore increase fat stores and growth of fat cells. A decrease in insulin release and an increase in insulin sensitivity means better utilization of nutrients for muscle growth.
If you are gaining weight eat starchy carbohydrates first thing in the morning on their own and one more serving after your post workout protein meal. If you are still not gaining weight you may add a serving or two more of starches throughout your day. Always eat starches separately Do not eat fats or proteins at the same time as starchy carbohydrates. The only exception to this rule is with coconut oil or MCTS (medium chain triglycerides).
In addition, they are high in insoluble and soluble fibers. Soluble Fibers allow sugars to be released at a slower rate and help to bind fatty acids. It can even lower LDL cholesterol which is the bad cholesterol. Insoluble Fibers help to move food through your intestines. Flaxseed and fish oils are great food supplements for anybody to take. These oils contain omega-3 fatty acids which help to speed up your metabolism. These oils help to reduce body fat and thus they are a great supplement to add to any fat burning dieL The Omega 3s these oils contain can also help reduce soreness after workouts and act as an anti-catabolic agent Using these oils allow your body to maintain its strength levels while losing body fat In addition, they give your body a good source of natural energy and help to maintain triglyceride cholesterol levels. These oils should be taken upon wakening and before
Skeletal muscle is composed of a number of different components. This includes the actual contractile muscle fibers (made up of protein) as well as a lot of other stuff. The other stuff is basically the support system for the muscle fibers and includes glycogen (stored carbohydrate), water, minerals, creatine phosphate, mitochondria (for energy production), capillaries, a small amount of fat in the form of intramuscular triglycerides and others.
One of the hottest supplements today is chromium picolinate. Diabetics swear it helps them control their blood sugar better. Body builders swear it helps them build muscle faster. Some people claim it helps lower high cholesterol, while others claim it boosts your production of the anti-aging hormone DHEA.
Many people suspect that they'll experience a loss of energy on the Anabolic Diet because the body isn't getting glucose from carbohydrates anymore but, again, this just isn't true. The free fatty acids, triglycerides and ketones your body burns provides more than enough energy to get through a workout. Red meat is also high in creatine, which is one of the compounds that increases high energy phosphates in the body and the availability of ATP. There's no lack of energy.
For longer weight training sets of 20-60 seconds, anaerobic glycolysis is activated relying primarily on glycogen breakdown for ATP production. Intramuscular triglycerides may also play a role in energy production, especially when short rest periods are used (91). However, fatigue can occur even when glycogen stores are still fairly high. This indicates that, in general, there is another cause of fatigue during weight training, most likely the buildup of metabolites that affect force production (90).
When insulin-resistant adipocyte fat cells resist insulin fat burning inhibitory action, they break triglycerides ester storage and mobilize fatty acids to the blood. However, this alleged fat breakdown comes at a price These fatty acids can't be oxidized for energy because fat utilization is suppressed though lipid and cholesterol accumulation in the liver and circulatory system. That process can create a vicious cycle leading to diabetes and cardiovascular disease, two conditions often associated with obesity.
Cortisol is a catabolic hormone meaning that it breaks down larger substances to smaller (i.e. triglycerides to fatty acids and glycerol, and proteins to amino acids). It is released from the adrenal cortex in response to stress such as exercise or starvation. Cortisol may have a role in the tissue remodeling seen with heavy resistance training as it increases protein breakdown at high levels (1). Increases in cortisol tend to mirror the increases seen in growth hormone (74) and it has been suggested that the increase in cortisol is a necessary part of the muscle remodeling stimulus. (65,70) The basis for this is that the breakdown of tissue is necessary to stimulate a rebuilding of that same tissue.
Diet Big Business through constant advertising throws a stream of complicated mumbo jumbo at the public every day. They brainwash people into buying every kind of crap food under the sun. Plastic fats to reduce cholesterol, colored sugar water sold as a sports drink, candy bars sold as energy food, genetically engineered super bread that never rots, the list is endless. But the reality is diet is very simple. Tribal people living about as basic a lifestyle as is possible and eating simply of natural foods never had the diseases and obesity that our advanced culture is plagued with.
Fat Body fat (adipose tissue) or dietary fat. Fat is a group of organic compounds including triglycerides, sterols and steroids, more correctly know as lipid. High Density Lipoproteins (HDLs) A sub-category of cholesterol, typically thought of as 'good' cholesterol. HDL cholesterol is the form that is typically used to clear fats from the system. Lipid Another term for fats-related substances, including triglycerides, steroids, cholesterol. Lipogenic This means making body fat. Low-Density Lipoproteins (LDLs) A sub-category of cholesterol, typically thought of as bad cholesterol. Too high LDL levels have bee associated with heart disease. Saturated Fats These are bad dietary fats. They are called saturated because they contain no open spots on their chain. They have been shown to raise cholesterol levels in the body, as a percentage of total fat intake. Triglyceride Triacyleglycerol (TG) The scientific name for common dietary fat. TGs consist of a backbone of glycerol connected to...
Thyroid hormones trigger the release of fat stores so other cells can convert the long chain triglycerides (fat) into heat, energy, ATP. By increasing ATP, muscle cells are better able to regenerate, and do so at an increased rate. Thyroid hormones increase creatine transport and increase androgen GH IGF-1 IGF-2 receptor-site sensitivity. Thyroid hormones increase the rate of nutrient metabolism, absorption, and utilization. Gee, sounds like the perfect growth environment to me when considering the fact that growing children do this naturally so well. It also meant major chemical muscle enhancement synergy for those whom reported use.
The Health center includes a great Conditions center that provides at-a-glance information about a condition (called a Crash Course ), and then follows that up with tools, articles, and information that help men Fight Back against the condition (see Figure 5.33). For example, the section on cholesterol includes a quick guide to the statin drugs that help lower cholesterol, plus weight control, diet, and exercise tips and a guide to good and bad fats and the foods that they are in. (In short, eat more salmon, nuts, olive oil, and avocados eat fewer processed snack foods, fried foods, and whole milk.)
You may have read that alcohol is good for your heart and that it reduces blood cholesterol levels. That doesn't make it good for your waistline. A standard mixed drink contains 100 to 250 calories. That's only the half of it. Most people eat more when they drink. So while you may think that you can compensate for your glass of wine by eating less for dinner, it rarely works out that way. Often alcohol makes you crave the very foods you are trying to avoid. Why drink something that will erode your willpower
In Maximum Energy for Life, cardiologist Chip Lavie made the startling statement that 95 percent of all heart disease is preventable. We gave you the facts and the program to prove it. In this book I am taking this concept one step further. I believe that obesity should be named the number one preventable disease in this country, because almost all major health problems have overweight or obesity at their core. Obesity is responsible for a whole constellation of problems generally known as heart disease high cholesterol, hypertension, heart attack, and stroke. It is the number one cause of adult-onset type 2 diabetes. A recent landmark study involving 90,000 cancer-free individuals designed to examine the relationship between cancer and fat found that the risk for all types of cancer was increased by being overfat or obese.
Many people suffer from insulin insensitivity. As a result of this, they often convert carbohydrates into triglycerides, which leads to high cholesterol, water retention, weight gain, hyperglycemia, and prediabetes. People develop insulin insensitivity as a result of eating sweets and overly processed carbohydrate foods throughout the day. Other reasons for developing it are due to overconsumption of bad fats
If you choose to go to your doctor and get a lipid profile, you will most likely see an improvement in your total cholesterol, HDL (good cholesterol), triglycerides, and glucose. While heredity plays a part in the lipid profile for example, high cholesterol runs in some families studies have shown that people can control approximately 70 percent of hereditary factors through lifestyle. 7. Fifty percent of our children are obese or overweight and a significant number of kids are already experiencing major health problems such as high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, deformities of the hips and knees, asthma, premature puberty, increased triglycerides, high cholesterol, and decreased levels of HDL. When an airplane is in trouble, parents are told to put on their oxygen mask so that they can help their children. The only way that we are going to save our kids is to put on the mask to take responsibility for developing healthy nutritional and exercise patterns ourselves.
When carbohydrates make up the bulk of your diet, you basically burn the glucose from the carbs as energy. Glucose enters the body, and insulin is secreted by the pancreas to utilize it for immediate energy, or store it as glycogen in the liver and muscles. The glucose not stored as glycogen is made into triglycerides (bodyfat). When needed for energy, the stored glycogen is converted back to glucose and used up directly by a cell or transported through the bloodstream to other cells for conversion and use as energy. When fat makes up the bulk of your diet, you don't have those large amounts of glycogen or glucose available for energy anymore. Most of your energy will come from the breakdown of free fatty acids from your diet or from the fat stored on your body. Instead of burning the stored glycogen or glucose for energy, the body burns free fatty acids or triglycerides (the storage form of the free fatty acids). Basically, a diet high in fat activates the lipolytic (fat burning)...
Here is a small sample of the research done over the last seven or eight years. In the mid-1990s, researchers began to compare the effects of high monounsaturated-fat diets with the effects of high-carbohydrate diets in diabetic patients. A study by Dr. Abhimanyu Garg at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center showed that compared with the high-fat diet, the high-carbohydrate diet increased risk factors for heart disease-in the form of triglyceride levels and VLDL (very-low density lipoprotein) cholesterol levels-by twenty-four and twenty-three percent respectively. The high-carb diet also increased glucose and insulin levels by ten and twelve percent. The numbers are less impressive than we usually see in our clinical practice because, in the high-fat diet studied, the level of carbohydrate consumed wasn't low enough to trigger lipolysis. In a somewhat similar Australian study, researchers noted that the currently recommended high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet produces...
Carrie's lipid profile was actually pretty good. Her total cholesterol was 193, her LDL was 102, her HDL was 70, her triglycerides were 96, and her glucose was 99. But everything is relative. I have noticed several things over the last two decades. People who are approaching middle life and rapidly gaining fat in the abdominal area, especially women, are not going to have a good lipid profile for long. Carrie's high body fat and her low metabolism from poor nutrition and little exercise were about to tip the scales toward higher cholesterol and triglycerides. With the gain in fat around her waist, she was definitely headed for a reverse fat pattern. I have also noticed that people like Carrie who have acceptable cholesterol and triglycerides even though they carry a large amount of body fat should As soon as Carrie began to follow a nutritionally balanced, low-glycemic food plan and my program of resistive exercise and interval training, she began to lose fat dramatically. After four...
Before you begin the Fat-Burning Metabolic Fitness Plan, ask your doctor to draw your blood and do a full metabolic profile. If you decide to take advantage of your higher metabolic rate and fat-burning ability and continue beyond the basic four-week plan into Modules 2 and 3, you might wish to repeat this test at the twelve-week mark so that you can see how dramatically the nutritional and exercise programs have improved your cholesterol, triglycerides, and glucose levels. You can plug the numbers from your lab work into the following profile
Janet's numbers tell the whole story. Before doing Atkins, her blood pressure was a frightening 180 90. It now stands at 110 70. Her glucose level of 290 is now 114-well within the normal range. Her total cholesterol has gone down 30 points to 180. Her HDL (good cholesterol) is up 6 points. Her triglycerides are now normal. Her weight has fallen by 49 pounds. Janet has gone from being a diabetic woman who was probably entering the final decade of her life to being a fit and healthy woman who recently started her own wellness center to counsel people-particularly diabetics-about nutrition and its role in health. Many of her patients are sent to her by doctors who were as impressed by her experience as she was.
The oxygen, or aerobic, system provides energy to support long-term steady state exercise, such as long distance running or swimming. Muscles can use both glucose and fatty acids for energy. These fuel sources can be taken from the circulating blood and from stores within the muscle. Glucose is stored as glycogen and fatty acids are stored as triglycerides in the muscle. When long duration activities arc performed at a slow pace more fat in the form of fatty acids is used for energy than muscle glycogen.
Ketogenic diets cause the adaptations described above primarily by affecting the levels of two hormones insulin and glucagon. Insulin is a storage hormone, responsible for moving nutrients out of the bloodstream and into target tissues. For example, insulin causes glucose to be stored in muscle as glycogen, and FFA to be stored in adipose tissue as triglycerides. Glucagon is a fuel-mobilizing hormone, stimulating the body to break down stored glycogen, especially in the liver, to provide glucose for the body.
Various investigations9,11 have demonstrated that the method of cooking did not affect cholesterol levels in meat however, microwave cooking resulted in slightly higher values than cooking by other methods, which can be attributed to a smaller loss of cholesterol during the short cooking period. Similarly, Badiani et al.47 found lower cholesterol levels in beef meat in micro-waving than in oven roasting. However, Rodriguez-Estrada et al.100 showed that the total cholesterol present in cooked hamburger varied greatly, being lowest in the boiled sample. Similar results were obtained by Baggio and Bragagnolo109 in boiled frankfurters the authors found lower cholesterol values in boiled than in raw materials due to water absorption during cooking, which diluted the medium. In addition, Conchillo et al.76 found lower concentrations of cholesterol in grilled than in roasted chicken breast and Kesava Rao et al.105,106 in pressure-cooked than in broiled mutton and pork.
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Lower Your Cholesterol In Just 33 Days
Discover secrets, myths, truths, lies and strategies for dealing effectively with cholesterol, now and forever! Uncover techniques, remedies and alternative for lowering your cholesterol quickly and significantly in just ONE MONTH! Find insights into the screenings, meanings and numbers involved in lowering cholesterol and the implications, consideration it has for your lifestyle and future!