Sodium bicarbonate or baking soda is not only used in cookery, but also in sports nutrition. Early studies have indicated benefits (Wilkes, et al 1983; Costill, et al 1984), but more recent ones have shown none (Parkhouse & McKenzie 1984; Kozak-Collins, et al 1994). Sodium bicarbonate supposedly acts as a buffering agent neutralising bi-products of exercise, helping muscles to function at optimum levels for longer. The side effect of using it is stomach-ache and gastric disturbances, obviously bad for working out on.
As far as bodybuilders go, I don't know anyone who uses sodium bicarbonate as a supplement, and I certainly wouldn't bother.
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Bodybuilding is the process of developing muscle fibers through various techniques. It is achieved through muscle conditioning, weight training, increased calorie intake, and resting your body as it repairs and heals itself, before restarting your workout routine.