Zinc appears in both the multi-vitamin and antioxidant formulas above, and there is good reason for this. It plays a significant role in the function of the testicles. In many cases, especially where a deficiency may be present, it's been demonstrated to increase the secretion of growth hormone and testosterone60 and to raise plasma testosterone and sperm count.61,62 Low zinc can lead to a decrease in testosterone production, so it's necessary as a supplement. In the formula above, I have it at the 50 milligram per day level, but if a deficiency is present or if there are concerns about zinc levels, another 50 milligram dosage can be added during the day.
Caffeine is also of great use in the high fat diet. It has lipolytic, fat-burning properties that result in an increase in free fatty acid concentration in the blood, BUT ONLY ON THE ANABOLIC DIET. In fact, as described earlier in this book, a high carb diet seems to negate the effect of caffeine. A good, strong cup of coffee 20 minutes or so before a workout is a nice, natural way to get caffeine and make full use of its benefits.
Borage seed oil or evening primrose oil (Efamol) provides protection for the liver and is recommended for people who may use anabolic steroids. Both of these oils are rich in linolenic acid, vitamin E and gamma-linoleic acid (GLA). GLA is a precursor for dihommogammalinolenic acid, a compound depleted by steroids, alcohol and other drugs. It's also important for several prostaglandins used to fight inflammation and muscle soreness in the body and, thus, is of great use to the bodybuilder in training. Take 2 of the 500 milligram capsules 3 times a day.
Calcium is needed to prevent muscle cramping when exercising. Some anecdotal evidence also indicates that it may well delay the onset of fatigue in muscle. It's suspected that calcium may also increase growth hormone secretion during exercise. Take 500—1,000 milligrams of calcium prior to working out and 500—1,000 during the workout. Calcium can be taken in the form of Rolaids.
Ephedrine is a double-edged sword when it comes to supplements. On the one hand, it seems to work well as a stimulant, giving the user a central nervous system effect somewhere between adrenaline and amphetamines. Many athletes have found it useful in providing more drive and better performance during workouts.
On the other hand, ephedrine is a drug. At higher dosages it can result in heart palpitations, cardiac arrhythmia, hypertension, tremor and, occasionally, death. When used with proper restraint, no more than 90 milligrams should be taken during the day, with dosages of 20—30 milligrams at a time. Ephedrine is also found in the Chinese herb, Ma Huang, in widely ranging dosages. It's often coupled with caffeine and aspirin in a thermogenic cocktail.
Bottom line, I can't really endorse ephedrine. It's available now over the counter, but many states are now thinking about making it a prescription item. It has some serious health drawbacks, and I urge you to consult your doctor before beginning to use it.
Coenzyme-Q10 is a promising antioxidant that can give you the antioxidant effects listed earlier in this chapter and may possess other properties useful in increasing exercise performance. It may also influence cell growth and serve some protective effect for muscular injury. 60 milligrams of Coenzyme-Q10 every day could provide a real bonus in general health and growth.
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