Buffer Drinks

Intense exercise always causes significant reduction in ATP, a buildup of lactic acid, and increase in acidity of the body tissues. Although normally the body can handle the extra acidity, under the high stress of exercise, the buildup is too fast for the body to cope with. With the increasing acidity comes decreased contractibility of the muscle fiber and premature muscle fatigue.

There are two ways to approach fatigue in athletes. One way could come from increasing ATP in the tissues, either by administering ATP or increasing energy-rich compounds like creatine phosphate (for example by using creatine monohydrate) in the muscle.

The other comes from trying to reduce the effect intracellular acid has on the muscle by buffering the buildup of lactic acid and hydrogen ions (H+) with certain alkaline compounds.

Ideally, combining both of these approaches would provide optimal results. While I haven't decided on the final formula, it will include sodium bicarbonate, ATP, carnosine (a histidine dipeptide), creatine phosphate, lactate, and aspartame, and will provide a maximum buffering effect. Other possible components will be one or more ketones including butyrate, creatine monohydrate, and various potassium and citrate compounds.

Sodium bicarbonate has long been a mainstay in delaying the onset of fatigue in the gym, and its properties for buffering lactic acid and hydrogen ion buildup are well documented.63,64,65 Recent tests with wrestlers and other athletes have also found lactate to not only be an ideal buffer but a very efficient energy source. The other ingredients in the formula are also useful for increasing ATP in the muscle tissue. Carnosine, creatine phosphate, and butyrate have all demonstrated strong properties for added energy production.

The above formulas should have zero or limited carbohydrates.

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