M

Uses a 90-degree wrist bend and is applied to uke's relatively straight arm. Using the bent wrist as a crank, nage rotates arm and shoulder forward to the mat. Uke may counter by bending the arm and leading back with elbow, setting up for nikyo. Uses the N or Z bend in the arm that uke used to counter ikkyo. Works via compression and rotation of the wrist joint; hand is held in place or rotated up while elbow is rotated down or dropped. Uke may counter by raising the elbow or by straightening the wrist, setting up for sankyo.

If uke attempts to reverse the wrist-out nikyo bend, nage can ease it into a palm-out bend (seizing knife-edge, or tegatana3 of same-side hand). As uke raises the elbow, nage helps it to come up to 90 degrees with the forearm, rotating the vertical plane of the forearm towards the body. Rotation coupled with upward motion should send uke up on toes. Uke may counter by dropping the shoulder forward and turning away from uke, setting up for yonkyo.

Combines downward rotation of the forearm and elbow with compression of the median nerve (on thumb side of forearm) or periosteum. Ideally, the palm-side knuckle of nage's forefinger is in contact with sensitive tissue; uke's attempt to turn away presses bone and nerve into the side of nage's joint. Uke may counter by bending wrist (wrist-out) in attempt to shorten the forearm muscles and protect nerve or bone, setting up for ikkyo. And the cycle repeats

Knife-edge of the hand.

16. Gokyo is the "fifth technique" but there is no reasonable way to counter it that will return you to ikkyo. Some styles include a ryokyo. A correspondent who begs to remain nameless claims that it is merely an arm bar and that elevation to "Sixth Technique" status is like the amplifier that goes up to 11 in Rob Reiner's rock-band spoof, This is Spinal Tap. "What does 11 get you?" "Well it's one louder, isn't it?"

184 Aikido Exercises for Teaching and Training

Locks & Throws

With uke's fingers form a triangle with fingers of nage's other hand, directing them to a point at the tip of the triangle and about 6 inches below the mat. Release pressure immediately when uke slaps (taps out).

With inside knee in uke's armpit, uke's arm secured against your knees, experiment with holding down the elbow only. Try the "Gi Hold-down" in which nage places a knee on uke's gi in armpit to assist in pinning shoulder to the mat. This is sometimes presented as the "Power of MHold-down" but that is a spelling error.

The 90-degree wrist bend is an important part of the technique especially in response to a grab, and most especially if the attacker is much bigger and stronger17. See why with the OK Test.

The OK Test

1. Nage touch thumb and forefinger in a circle. Try to hold the two fingers together while uke attempts to pull them apart.

2. Nage bend the wrist at 90 degrees. Uke compare the forces necessary to pull the fingers apart. Nage compare the amount of effort required to keep them together.

Finger strength is extremely poor when the wrist is sharply bent. This anatomical point applies directly to ikkyo'11

The Ikkyo Elbow Pivot

1. Uke grab nape's wrist.

2. Nage, with Unbendable Arm and leaving hand in place, pivot elbow down, hand up, catching uke's wrist in the V of thumb and forefinger.

3. Nage notice uke's wrist bend. Touch uke's hand with your other hand and compare the degree of strength or effort required to remove the hand; by ukeXo keep it there.

4. Compare the effort required by nage to bend uke's wrist at the hand without dropping the elbow or the ease or difficulty of removing uke's hand.

17. If attacker's hands are much bigger and stronger, small hands can grasp fingers instead although these may be slippery if uke is sweaty.

18. It also applies to daily life. Opening a jar? Attempting to do so with wrist bent and fingers extended is an extremely weak position and can strain the hand. Drop wrist, a far stronger position.

17. If attacker's hands are much bigger and stronger, small hands can grasp fingers instead although these may be slippery if uke is sweaty.

18. It also applies to daily life. Opening a jar? Attempting to do so with wrist bent and fingers extended is an extremely weak position and can strain the hand. Drop wrist, a far stronger position.

Ikkyo

/\DS: Immobilization #1 ("First Teaching") p. 166; TOT: Ikkajo, pp. 82-83.

I rather like ikkyo. As uke, if I get tired I can just stay down and take a nap.

— George Simcox, Ki Society

Ikk\o is the first of the wrist locks. It is usually applied to a straight arm and elbow in combination with a 90-degree bend of the wrist. To differentiate from other techniques, you may wish to remember it as:

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